Lake Texoma Fish Species - Largemouth Bass - Info from Jacob Orr Lake Texoma Fishing Guides
Lake Texoma Fish Species - Largemouth Bass - Info from Jacob Orr Lake Texoma Fishing Guides

Lake Texoma Fish Species: Largemouth Bass

The largemouth bass is by far the most sought-after fish in Texas. When anglers were asked to “name the fish you prefer to catch in freshwater in Texas,” they chose largemouth bass three to one over striped bass, four to one over white bass, nearly five to one over channel catfish, and nearly ten to one over flathead catfish and white crappie. Because of the strong interest in largemouth bass fishing, there are hundreds of bass angling clubs in Texas devoted to fishing and conservation. A 1995 survey indicated the rate at which 10-pound bass are caught in Texas is over 13 times the rate in Florida, a state renowned for its bass fishing. Over the last sixty years only one state, California, has reported the capture of bass larger than those reported from Texas. The state record fish was captured from Lake Fork in 1992 and weighed 18.18 pounds; length was 25.5 inches.

Two subspecies of largemouth bass exist in Texas: the native Micropterus salmoides salmoides and the Florida largemouth bass, Micropterus salmoides floridanus. The two subspecies arevisually indistinguishable, although they may be distinguished by genetic testing procedures. Both are usually green with dark blotches that form a horizontal stripe along the middle of the fish on either side. The underside ranges in color from light green to almost white. The dorsal fin is almost divided, with the anterior portion containing 9 spines and the posterior portion containing 12-13 soft rays. Largemouth bass may be distinguished from other black basses in that the upper jaw reaches far beyond the rear margin of the eye. Micropterus is Greek, meaning “small fin” [see Guadalupe bass for further explanation]. Salmoides is from the Greek salmo, meaning “trout”, and refers to the fact that largemouth bass have been called “trout” in some southern states.

Largemouth Bass Biology

In Texas spawning begins in the spring when water temperatures reach about 60°F. his could occur as early as February or as late as May, depending one where one is in the state. Largemouth bass prefer to nest in quieter, more vegetated water than other black bass, but will use any substrate besides soft mud, including submerged logs. Nests are usually built in two to eight feet of water. As in Guadalupe bass, once the female has laid eggs in the nest (2,000 to 43,000) she is chased away by the male who then guards the precious eggs. The young, called fry, hatch in five to ten days and remain in a school. Male largemouth bass continue to uard their fry for several days after hatching. Fry feed primarily on zooplankton and insect larvae. At about two inches in length they become active predators. Adults feed almost exclusively on other fish and large invertebrates such as crayfish.

Largemouth Bass Distribution

Largemouth bass were originally distributed throughout most of what is now the United States east of the Rockies, with limited populations in southeastern Canada and northeastern Mexico. Because of its importance as a game fish, the species has been introduced into many other areas worldwide, including nearly all of Mexico and south into Central and South America. This fish prefers clear quiet water with aquatic vegetation, but survives quite well in a variety of environments. It is usually common or abundant wherever populations have been established. Micropterus salmoides salmoides is native to all natural waters in Texas, except in some parts of the Panhandle. The Florida largemouth bass has been extensively stocked in the state because of its propensity to produce more trophy-sized individuals.

Largemouth Bass are also known as:

Black Bass, Green Trout, Bigmouth Bass, Lineside Bass

Jacob & Zach Join Brian Hughes on The Texas Fishing and Outdoors Show

Jacob & Zach Join Brian Hughes on The Texas Fishing & Outdoors Show

Jacob & Zach Join Brian Hughes on The Texas Fishing & Outdoors Show

Don’t miss Lake Texoma Guaranteed Guide Service’s Jacob Orr and Zach Langford as they join Brian Hughes for his live Texas Fishing and Outdoors Show call-in show, the largest outdoors radio show in Texas, each weekend on KRLD, the TSN network.

Saturday 5:00 am – 7:00 am
Sunday 5:00 am – 6:00 am.
Call in at 1-888-256-1080 during the broadcast.

The show covers a wide range of outdoor topics, including fishing, hunting, camping, and boating. Brian provides comprehensive, live, call-in lake reports from different areas of Texas, shared by professional guides such as our own Jacob Orr and Zach Langford. They also field calls from anglers wanting to know more about the hot fishing spots around the state.

Great from start to finish!!

I was lucky enough to take my grandfather on a fishing trip with Jacob and let me tell you it was everything I hoped it would be! From the first phone call to walking back to the truck with a bag full of Fish fillets and the memories of Grandads smiles! I will definitely be using him again. – J. Smith

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